Full text preprints of published, peer viewed conference and journal papers can be found in the ORO eprint archive, else in the KMi Technical Reports archive.
Selected Publications & Talks by Theme:
| Cinematic Hypertext
| Design Rationale
| Emergency Search & Rescue
| e-Science & Scholarly Hypermedia
| International Development
| Participatory Hypermedia
| Participatory Urban Planning
| Pragmatic Web & Hypermedia Discourse
| Public Discourse
| Web Usability
Research led by Clara Mancini has laid theoretical and empirical foundations for a paradigm that considers hypertext as a cinematic medium, media fragments connected by discourse relations derived from Cognitive Coherence Relations theory. This work now continues with Donia Scott.
Mancini, C., Scott, D. & Buckingham Shum, S., (2006) Visualising Discourse Coherence in Non-Linear Documents. Traitement Automatique des Langues, Vol.47, 1. [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/kmi-06-19.pdf]
Mancini, C. & Buckingham Shum, S., (2006) Modelling Discourse in Contested Domains: A Semiotic and Cognitive Framework. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, Vol.64, 11, (1154-1171). [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/kmi-06-14.pdf]
Mancini, C. & Buckingham Shum, S., (2004) Towards Cinematic Hypertext. 15th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, Santa Cruz, CA, US. [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/people/clara/site/images/HT04.pdf] [Slides]
Design Rationale & Meeting Capture:
We are leaders in Argumentation-Based Design Rationale, an approach to collaborative modelling of design deliberations as networks of design issues, options and arguments. This has expanded to the capture and conceptual indexing of audio-visual meeting records.
Buckingham Shum, S., (2006) Hypermedia Support for Argumentation-Based Rationale: 15 Years on from gIBIS and QOC. In: (Eds.) A. Dutoit, et al. Rationale Management in Software Engineering, (pp.111-132), Springer-Verlag: Berlin. [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/KMI-05-18.pdf]
Buckingham Shum, S., Slack, R., Daw, M., Juby, B., Rowley, A., Bachler, M., Mancini, C., Michaelides, D., Procter, R., Roure, D., D., Chown, T., Hewitt, a., T., (2006) Memetic: An Infrastructure for Meeting Memory. Proc. 7th International Conference on the Design of Cooperative Systems, Carry-le-Rouet, France, 9-12 May. [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/KMI-TR-06-02.pdf]
Buckingham Shum, S., Daw, M., Slack, R., Juby, B., Rowley, A., Bachler, M., Mancini, C., Michaelides, D., Procter, R., De Roure, D., Chown, T., Hewitt, T., (2006) Memetic: From Meeting Memory to Virtual Ethnography & Distributed Video Analysis. 2nd International Conference on e-Social Science, Manchester (June 2006). [http://www.memetic-vre.net/publications/ICeSS2006_Memetic.pdf]
Hypermedia Support for Argumentation-Based Rationale: 15 Years on from gIBIS and QOC. HCI Group, Univ. York; Informatics Research Institute, Univ. Newcastle; UCL Interaction Centre, Nov/Dec. 2005 [PPT]
Emergency Search and Rescue
The AKT e-Response Team (2007). The Application of Advanced Knowledge Technologies for Emergency Response. Proceedings of the 4th International ISCRAM Conference: Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management. (Ed: B. Van de Walle), Delft, The Netherlands, May 13-16 2007 [www.iscram.org]
Tate, A., Buckingham Shum, S., Dalton, J., Mancini, C. and Selvin, A. (2006) Co-OPR: Design and Evaluation of Collaborative Sensemaking and Planning Tools for Personnel Recovery, Technical Report KMI-06-07, Knowledge Media Institute, Open University, UK. [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/KMI-TR-06-07.pdf]
e-Learning & Open Educational Resources
Central to the mission of the Open University is the challenge of engaging students with material, and with each other, over time and space. Our work on hypermedia representations of discourse can scaffold the building of different sorts of knowledge map for personal and collaborative reflection. A major focus at present is on sensemaking and collaboration tools for self-organising communities of students and educators accessing Open Educational Resources.
Okada, A. (2008, in press). Scaffolding School Pupils’ Scientific Argumentation with Evidence-Based Dialogue Maps. In: Okada, A., Buckingham Shum, S. & Sherborne, T. Knowledge Cartography: Software Tools and Mapping Techniques, London: Springer [PDF PrePrint]
Buckingham Shum, S. (2005), From Open Content Repositories to Open Sensemaking Communities. Conference on Open Educational Resources, Logan, Utah (Sept. 2005).
e-Science & Scholarly Hypermedia
Infrastructures for publishing, interpreting and contesting research results that exploit the internet, from web-based conversational peer review in e-journals, to collaborative semantics for argumentation.
Buckingham Shum, S. (2007). Digital Research Discourse? Computational Thinking Seminar Series, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, 25 Apr. 2007 [Slides: PDF]
Buckingham Shum, S.J., Uren, V., Li, G., Sereno, B. and Mancini, C. (2007). Modelling Naturalistic Argumentation in Research Literatures: Representation and Interaction Design Issues. International Journal of Intelligent Systems, (Special Issue on Computational Models of Natural Argument, Eds: C. Reed and F. Grasso, 22, (1), pp.17-47. [PrePrint: http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/kmi-04-28.pdf]
Sereno, B., Buckingham Shum, S. and Motta, E. (2007). Formalization, User Strategy and Interaction Design: Users’ Behaviour with Discourse Tagging Semantics. Workshop on Social and Collaborative Construction of Structured Knowledge, 16th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW 2007), Banff, AB, Canada; 8-12 May 2007. [http://www2007.org/workshops/paper_30.pdf] [Slides: PDF]
Mancini, C. and Buckingham Shum, S.J. (2006). Modelling Discourse in Contested Domains: A Semiotic and Cognitive Framework. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 64, (11), pp.1154-1171. [PrePrint: http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/KMI-TR-06-14.pdf]
Uren, V., Buckingham Shum, S.J., Li, G. and Bachler, M. (2006) Sensemaking Tools for Understanding Research Literatures: Design, Implementation and User Evaluation. Int. Jnl. Human Computer Studies, 64, (5), pp.420-445. [PrePrint: http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/KMI-TR-05-9.pdf]
Sereno, B., Buckingham Shum, S. and Motta, E. (2005) ClaimSpotter: an Environment to Support Sensemaking with Knowledge Triples. Proc. ACM International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI 2005), San Diego, CA, USA. 9-12 January 2005, ACM Press: NY [PrePrint: http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/kmi-04-29.pdf] [Slides PDF]
Benn, N., Buckingham Shum, S. and Domingue, J. (2005). Integrating Scholarly Argumentation, Texts and Community: Towards an Ontology and Services. 5th Workshop on Computational Models of Natural Argument, Nineteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 30 July 2005, Edinburgh [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/kmi-05-5.pdf] [Slides: PDF PPT]
Selvin, A.and Buckingham Shum, S.(2004). Facilitating Remote Science Teams, Mars Society Conference, Chicago, IL
August 2004 [PPT]
Uren, V., Buckingham Shum, S.J., , Li, G., Domingue, J., and Motta, E. (2003). Scholarly Publishing and Argument in Hyperspace.
Proceedings 12th International Conference on the World Wide Web. Budapest, Hungary, pp: 244-250. [PrePrint: http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/kmi-03-3.pdf] [Slides PPT]
Semantics for e-Science Collaboration. EPSRC Advanced Knowledge Technologies IRC Workshop, Jan. 2005, Univ. Southampton [PPT]. 7 min summary of NASA Mobile Agents Testbed available as webcast briefing.
Semantic Scholarly Publishing and Discourse: Tools for Modelling Contested Knowledge Domains. Stanford University HCI Program, April 2004 [1 hr webcast] [PPT]
[12 min. summary]
JIME: An Interactive Journal for Interactive Media. Change & Continuity in Scholarly Publishing Expert Conference, June 2001, Amsterdam [PPT]
Open Peer Review Meets Open Archives. Workshop on the Open Archives Initiative (OAi) and Peer Review Journals in Europe , CERN, Centre Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire, Geneva, March, 2001 [PPT]
Scholarly Hypertexts for Interactive Reading: At the 15th ACM Hypertext Conference, Simon Buckingham Shum chaired the call, reviewing and archiving of the Hypertexts Programme, the first non-linear scholarly publications in the ACM Digital Library. These were peer reviewed submissions treated as equivalent to conventional full 10 page papers. The Kolb hypertext won the "Best Paper" award.
Twin Media: Hypertext Structure Under Pressure, by David Kolb. 15th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, 2004. Short Paper introduction: pp. 26-27. ACM Press: NY [http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1012807.1012817]
An Anatomy of Anchors, by Deena Larsen and Richard Higgason. 15th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, 2004. Short Paper introduction: pp. 114-115. ACM Press: NY [http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1012807.1012842]
There is also a special journal issue devoted to the topic:
Buckingham Shum, S. (2005), (Ed.): Scholarly Hypermedia: Special Issue, New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia, 11, (1), pp. 1-89
Selvin, A., Buckingham Shum, S., (2005) Hypermedia as a Productivity Tool for Doctoral Research. New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia, Vol.11, 1, (91-101). [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/kmi-tr-05-8.pdf]
We have an interest in the distinctive demands of technology support in international development contexts, and are working with a variety of partners to better understand the potential of our tools.
Buckingham Shum, S. (2007). Mapping Dialogue and Argumentation in International Development: The Case of Compendium and OpenLearn LabSpace. Workshop on User Centered Design and International Development, ACM Computer-Human Interaction Conference, (April 28, 2007, San Jose) [http://www-static.cc.gatech.edu/~mikeb/UCDandIDWorkshop/papers/shum.pdf]
Knowledge/Argument/Dialogue Mapping and Social Software. Knowledge Management for Development (KM4Dev) Workshop, International Labour Organisation, Geneva, June 2005 [PPT]
Narrative Theory and Story Annotation
Research led by Joanna Kwiat is exploring theories of narrative as the basis for a flexible story metadata scheme [Storymaking Project]. This is being evaluated in the context of a web story database for knowledge sharing and annotation amongst health professionals
Kwiat, J. (2006). Realisation of the Resource Potential of Narrative and Narrative Collections via Multi-Perspective Markup. Medical Humanities Conference, Kings College London, UK (August 2006) [PDF][PPT]
Participatory Hypermedia Construction: Research led by Al Selvin is exploring the nature of high performance literacy in the use of hypermedia tools such as Compendium in demanding, real time team sensemaking contexts. This work seeks to view such hypemedia construction through the lenses of aesthetics, ethics and improvisation.
Selvin, A. (2005) Aesthetic and Ethical Implications of Participatory Hypermedia Practice, Technical Report KMI-05-17, Knowledge Media Institute, Open University, UK. [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/kmi-05-17.pdf]
Al Selvin (2004) Building Collaborative Knowledge Representations in Real Time: An Analysis of Facilitative Micro-Actions, Webcast Seminar, Knowledge Media Institute, Open University, UK,
5 October 2004 [PPT]
Participatory Urban Planning
Research led by Anna De Liddo is investigating the requirements for project memory tools to support participatory models of urban planning, engaging all stakeholders.
De Liddo , A. and Buckingham Shum, S. (2010). Cohere: A Prototype for Contested Collective Intelligence. Workshop on Collective Intelligence in Organizations: Toward a Research Agenda, ACM Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2010), February 6-10, 2010, Savannah, Georgia, USA. Available as ePrint: http://oro.open.ac.uk/19554
De Liddo, A. (2008). A Process Memory Platform to Support Participatory Planning and Deliberation. Doctoral Dissertation, Polytechnic of Bari, 19 September 2008. Technical Report KMI-08-07, Knowledge Media Institute, The Open University, UK. [PDF]
De Liddo A. (2008). A Collaborative-Project Memory for Participatory Planning, The Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP) and the Association of European Schools of Planning (AESOP) 2008 Fourth Joint Congress, July 6 -11, Chicago, US. [Book of Abstracts]
De Liddo, A. and Buckingham Shum, S. (2008). Knowledge Media Tools for Capturing Deliberation in Participatory Spatial Planning. (DIAC-2008/OD2008) - Directions and Implications of Advanced Computing: Conference on Online Deliberation. June 26-29, 2008, University of California, Berkeley, CA. [PDF]
De Liddo A., Concilio G. and Buckingham Shum S. (2007). Advancing Knowledge Management and Exchange between Collaborative Environments: A Tool Integration Perspective, EC-TEL07 at the 2nd International Workshop on Building Technology Enhanced Learning solutions for Communities of Practice (TEL-CoPs), September 17, Crete, Greece.[PDF]
De Liddo A. (2007). Capturing, Mapping and Integrating Argumentation as Project Memory in Participatory Urban Planning, Open University, Knowledge Media Institute, Internal Seminar: (21/03/07) [Webcast replay]
De Liddo, A. and
Buckingham Shum, S. (2007). Capturing, Mapping and Integrating Argumentation as Project Memory in Participatory Urban Planning. Workshop on Argumentation Support Systems for eParticipation, EU-IST DEMO-net Network of Excellence, March 5, 2007, Berlin [PDF] [Slides PDF]
Other teams using Compendium to map issues, options and arguments:
Pragmatic Web & Hypermedia Discourse
A conception of new tools, literacies and conceptual foundations, emerging from the research programme on this site. Has synergies with new conceptions of the "Pragmatic Web", which foregrounds the centrality of context in web-mediated meaning negotiation between diverse stakeholders and perspectives.
Buckingham Shum, S. (2007). Hypermedia Discourse: Contesting Networks of Ideas and Arguments. Keynote Address, 15th International Conference on Conceptual Structures, Sheffield, July 2007. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 4604/2007, pp.29-44. Springer: Berlin [PDF] [Slides]
Buckingham Shum, S. (2007). Hypermedia Discourse: Theory and Technology for the Pragmatic Web? Artificial Intelligence Centre Seminar, SRI International, Menlo Park, 5 May, 2007 [Slides: PDF]
Buckingham Shum, S.J. (2006). Sensemaking on the Pragmatic Web: A Hypermedia Discourse Perspective. Proc. 1st International Conference on the Pragmatic Web, Stuttgart, 21-23 Sept. [http://kmi.open.ac.uk/publications/pdf/KMI-TR-06-16.pdf]
Slides: [PDF][PPT] French version of a slightly earlier keynote
We, and others, are applying our work to improve the quality of public discourse on topical matters.
Compendium is finding application in the arenas of e-Democracy (Napier Univ. UK), and e-Participation in policy formulation (Griffith Univ., AU). We also coordinate the GlobalArgument.net experiments mapping contemporary policy debates, such as the Iraq invasion.
We have begun theoretical work based on the work of René Girard, whose theory of mimetic rivalry describes a pervasive societal dynamic that can escalate into hatred and violence. We hypothesise that dialogue and argumentation support tools could disrupt this process, particularly when mediated via the Net.
Buckingham Shum, S. (2007). Undermining Mimetic Contagion on the Net: Argumentation Tools as Critical Voices. COV&R 2007: Colloquium on Violence & Religion, Amsterdam Vrije Universiteit July, 4-8 2007 [Slides PDF / PPT] [Racial Intelligence Debate: Argument Map example]
With the emergence of the Web as a mainstream infrastructure around 1995, there was a lot of reinventing the usability wheel, as website enthusiasts made all the same mistakes that hypertext researchers had been reporting in the preceding decade. KMi hosted a workshop in 1996 on "The Missing Link" between hypermedia usability research and the Web, which became a special journal issue, fully online.
Buckingham Shum, S. and McKnight, C. (1997). (Eds.) World Wide Web Usability: Special Issue, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 47, (1) 1-222. [Web Edition] [Elsevier]